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The acronym stands for Trans Adriatic Pipeline and it is the project of a gas pipeline that from the Greek-Turkish border, crossing Greece, Albania and the Adriatic Sea, will bring gas from Azerbaijan to Italy through the so-called 'southern corridor'.
It is good to know what it is because TAP is one of the most important works, perhaps the most important of all, that Italy is carrying out in the energy field and will make the boot (at least these intentions) the European methane hub, the nerve center where gas arrives in Italy from the Caspian basins and is sorted throughout Europe. Right now we are talking about it at the Energy Summi organized by Sole24Ore, where if he had not been detained by the government's troubles, the Minister of Economic Development Flavio Zanonato was expected.
The gas that will be piped to Europe from TAP it is that of the Shah Deniz offshore basin in the Caspian Sea, which, not being managed by Gazprom, will reduce dependence on Russian hydrocarbons. In recent years the Italian government has worked to ensure the project TAP was preferred to the other one we were discussing, called Nabucco West, whose pipes would pass through Austria.
The conduct of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (a tube of 90 cm in diameter) will dock on the Italian coasts in Puglia, in the locality of San Foca, after crossing Greece for 547 km, Albania for 211 and the Adriatic Sea for 104. The Italian stretch on the mainland will be 9 km long and has raised concerns in Salento among the local population, to the point that a No-TAP Committee was born.
But it will not be another TAV. To say it is the fate that the Trans Adriatic Pipeline has already obtained the approval of Legambiente. The environmental association stressed that the aspects contained in the environmental impact assessment remain to be confirmed and that TAP it must not distract from focusing on efficiency and renewables as the basis of the national energy plan; that said, the project was deemed acceptable.
In addition to the security of supplies thanks to less dependence on Russia, the advantages that Italy expects to obtain by hosting the land landing of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline they are of two types: a lower cost of methane than the Nabucco alternative (transport costs are lower) and economic benefits for Puglia in terms of employment and investments.
The study published by Nomisma Energia in April 2013 claims that in the construction phase (4 years) TAP it will have a positive effect of 290 million euros / year on Puglia's GDP and will employ more than 2000 people. The benefits on GDP and employment should continue throughout the operational phase of the pipeline, identified in the next 50 years. The project Trans Adriatic Pipeline was launched by three companies: Axpo (Switzerland), E.ON (Germany) and Statoil (Norway).