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Permaculture in Latin America.Therepermacultureit is proving to be an effective strategy to tackle the problems linked to climate change and sustainable development. Therepermacultureit is proving to be an excellent ally in the fight against poverty by offering low-cost sustainable development methods.
With thepermacultureit is finally possible to speak of "food security" even in those areas that are fragile and subject tomalnutrition, flooding, water contamination ...
InLatin America, the Institute ofPermacultureof El Salvador (IPES), started a projectno profitbased on the labor of Salvadoran farmers. IPES, working in partnership with the UKPermaculture Association,he managed to create an agricultural fund to support nine communities; the IPES, exploiting the principles ofpermaculturewas able to tackle the problems related to low crop yields, soil infertility and water contamination by developing ecological purification systems. The project was born in April 2005 and saw the involvement of:
- nine communities and four municipalities
1,151 people benefited from the project, relying on self-produced fresh food and drinking water. All information on the project can be found on the official IPES portal. This one from El Salvador is just one example of how well projects based on sustainable and conscious agriculture such aspermaculture.
Staying in Latin America, in Cuba, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it was possible to witness a relaunch of agriculture by focusing on a widespread system of polyculture able toself-sufficiency of the population. In this context, thepermaculture played a fundamental role by participating, among other things, in the purification of the Almendares river. To understand how deeply rooted the culture of permaculture in Latin Americajust look at Havana that independently produces up to 50% of its food needs within the city limits, we are not talking about intensive agriculture, the agricultural products destined for self-consumption in Havana are mostly organic or even grown by citizens in their homes , gardens and communal spaces.
In Nicaragua, a project bypermaculturehas been active for about a decade. It's about the projectBona Fidewhich includes 43 hectares of the island of Ometepe Nicaragua; here the infrastructures have been built with natural materials of local origin giving life to a small community completely self-sufficient. In the 43 hectares of surface there are gardens and terraces with medicinal plants, a large nursery, orchards, groves of food nuts, an area dedicated to forestry, bamboo cultivation for self-production of timber, rainwater harvesting systems, of drip irrigation, composting systems, clean energy production and there is no lack of a seed bank.
Also in Nicaragua stands the Ostional Private Wildlife Reserve, a 46-acre private reserve based on thepermaculture. In Brazil there are several institutes dedicated to permaculturesuch as the IPOEMA (the Institute of Permaculture, Ecovillages and the Environment) and the IPEC, near Pirenopolis, founded in 1998.
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